Panchakarma is a unique mode of Ayurvedic therapy which has both preventive and curative aspects. Panchakarma constitutes the Shodhana Chikitsa which is an Ayurvedic rejuvenation treatment which does not only eliminates the toxins causing the diseases but also replenishes the tissue with nourishment. Along with panchakarama therapy various other ayurvedic therapies are also planned for the treatment of various illnesses.
Panchakarma is a unique mode of Ayurvedic therapy which has both preventive and curative aspects. Panchakarma constitutes the Shodhana Chikitsa which is an Ayurvedic rejuvenation treatment which does not only eliminates the toxins causing the diseases but also replenishes the tissue with nourishment.
The name panchakarma is derived from two Sanskrit words. “Panch” means “five” and “karma” means “action.” The name denotes five primary procedures of cleansing which Ayurveda uses to purify the body. The five-purificatory procedures are: 1) vaman (induced emesis) 2) virechan (induced purgation) 3) niruha basti (decoction enemas) 4) anuvasna basti (oil enema) and 5) nasya (nasal medication). Panchakarma therapy is always performed in three stages – purva karma (pre-treatment), pradhana karma (main treatment) and pashchat karma (post-treatment).
Under this procedure medicated oil is kept for a certain period of time over the chest as well as on the cardiac region with the help of a tank made by black gram paste.
In Avagaha Sweda, treatment, patient is advised to sit in a bathtub, which contains decoctions of herbs, warm water or medicated oil for a prescribed period of time.
Katibasti is very effective for the treatments of back problems, like a low backache, sciatica, slipped disc, ankylosing spondylosis and lumbar spondylosis.
In Udhwartanam, dry powder massage is performed which is prepared by various ayurvedic herbs. It cleans the skin, increases circulation and promotes weight loss and it slims and trims the body. This massage is also helpful in improving skin complexion.
In Pizzinchil, the patient lies on a wooden massage table and medicated warm oil is poured continuously over the entire body in a very specific manner.
In this treatment a stream of medicated oils is poured in a very particular manner on the forehead and head of the person which helps in various brain health issues including cognitive and memory functions.
Shirobasti is yet another efficient treatment method in which oil is retained on the head in a special cap tied over the forehead.
Navarakizhi (Pinda Sweda) is a special massage, which rejuvenates the body. A highly effective rejuvenation technique using a special type of rice for the therapy which is cooked and tied into boluses, further dipped into an herbal decoction and warm milk.